Texas Causes of Action & Affirmative Defenses

Texas Causes of Action & Affirmative Defenses

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Friday, May 10, 2013

Testimony, affidavit about contract likely useless in court if it violates the Parol Evidence Rule


Parol Evidence Rule

Parol evidence may not be used to vary or contradict the express or implied terms of an unambiguous written agreement absent a showing of fraud, accident, or mutual mistake. Toler v. Sanders, 371 S.W.3d 477, 481 (Tex. App.-Houston [1st Dist.] 2012, no pet.); Hudson Buick, Pontiac, GMC Truck Co. v. Gooch, 7 S.W.3d 191, 198 (Tex. App.-Tyler 1999, pet. denied). Evidence admitted in violation of the parol evidence rule is incompetent and without any probative force. Johnson v. Driver, 198 S.W.3d 359, 364 (Tex. App.-Tyler 2006, no pet.).

SOURCE: HOUSTON COURT OF APPEALS – 14-11-00895-CV – 4/30/2013

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